Lopburi is a province in the central region of Thailand. The province is divided into 11 administrative districts, and Mueang Lopburi District is the capital. With over 750,000 people, the province is Thailand’s 37th largest area and 38th most populous. There are eight neighboring provinces, Phetchabun, Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima, Saraburi, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya, Ang Thong, Sing Buri, and Nakhon Sawan.
Lopburi is a significant province historically, where many historical structures, artifacts, and prehistoric settlements have been discovered. In the past, Lopburi was called by the name Lavo, that is, the kingdom had been ruled by an absolute monarch.
Known as Lavo during much of its history, Lopburi probably dates to prehistoric times. The name Lavo originated in the Dvaravati period (6th–11th century CE). The conquering Khmer would build many impressive temples in the city during its rule. Lopburi may even have liberated itself for a time, as it sent independent embassies to China in 1115 and 1155. In 1289 it sent another embassy to China, but soon became part of the Thai kingdom of Sukhothai and later Ayutthaya.
During the Ayutthaya period, King Ramathibodi I sent Phra Ramesuan (later King Ramesuan) as the Uparaja to reign in Lopburi. In 1665 King Narai the Great ordered a new palace built on the east bank of the Lopburi River and made Lopburi the second capital of the country, as Ayutthaya was threatened by the Dutch. After King Narai died, the city was almost abandoned and fell into ruin.
In 1856 King Mongkut of the Chakri dynasty ordered King Narai’s palace to be renovated. The city finally regained its importance in 1938, when Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram chose Lopburi to be the largest military base in Thailand.
Prang Sam Yot As well known for its resident monkeys as its looming towers, this is Lopburi’s most famous attraction. The three linked towers were built from laterite and sandstone by the Khmer in the 13th century as a Buddhist temple. It was later converted to Shiva worship but was returned to Buddhism by King Narai in the 17th century. There are two ruined headless Buddha images inside; a third, more complete Buddha sits photogenically in front of the main prang (Hindi/Khmer-style stupa)
San Phra Kan Lopburi’s holiest place sits in the old town’s roundabout. It has a modern (1951) shrine in front of a Khmer-era laterite base from a toppled prang (Hindi/Khmer-style stupa) that was previously known as the ‘supreme shrine’. The principal statue inside is a four-armed Vishnu body in Lopburi-Khmer style with an Ayuthaya-era Buddha head attached.On the shrine’s north side is a monkey feeding station where milk, biscuits, fruit and more are laid out; to the south, a lam dance troupe performs daily. Both activities are done as thanks to the gods after wishes are granted.
Location : Phatthana Nikhom District
Sunflower FieldLopburi province is the best and largest places to see sunflower fields in Thailand. The beautiful of sunflower blossom field covering an area of 1,400 rai are waiting for you to see at Khao Jean Lae, Phatthana Nikhom District. The panoramic sunflower field has become Lopburi’s major tourist attraction especially during November to January when they are in full bloom. On the weekend, thousands tourists from Bangkok will take one day trip to visit the sunflower fields for take the pictures.